SAP Authorizations Audit Information System Cockpit - SAP Basis

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Audit Information System Cockpit
Basic administration
You can also monitor security alerts from the Security Audit Log via the Alert Monitoring of your Computing Centre Management System (CCMS). The security warnings generated correspond to the audit classes of the events defined in the Security Audit Log. Many companies also have the requirement to present the events of the Security Audit Log in other applications. This requires evaluation by external programmes, which can be done via the XML Metadata Interchange (XMI) BAPIs. You must follow the XMI interface documentation to configure it. You can also use the RSAU_READ_AUDITLOG_ EXTERNAL sample programme as a template. A description of this programme can be found in SAP Note 539404.

In addition to existing authorization objects, you can also create your own authorization objects and select existing authorization fields such as Activity (ACTVT). To the individual fields then, as with ACTVT, the permissible options which are deposited at the field can be specified. Thus, for an own authorization object with the authorization field ACTVT, the activity 01 Add or Replace, 02 Change and 03 Display can be selected and would then be available as a selection in the authorization field in the role maintenance.
Which challenges cannot be solved with authorization tools alone?
In order to perform an operation in the SAP system, several authorizations may be required. The resulting interrelationships can become very complex. In order to nevertheless offer a procedure that is manageable and easy to handle, the SAP authorization concept was implemented on the basis of authorization objects. Several system elements to be protected form an authorization object.

The website www.sap-corner.de offers a lot of useful information about SAP authorizations.

Now the structure must be filled "with life". To do this, you must first create meaningful subfolders in the customer's own structure. As already mentioned, these are mostly based on the SAP modules. Make sure that you also set your customising for additional add-ons, so that later the work of support organisations is easier. Call the transaction SOBJ. There, you create customising objects that will later be reused in your IMG structure. It is useful to name the object exactly as the corresponding table. This simplifies the later maintenance in the IMG structure. Here you also decide whether and how the tables can possibly be maintained in the productive system. To do this, select the appropriate entries in the Category and Transport fields and check the Current setting option. Repeat this for all custom customising tables that are still needed.

For the assignment of existing roles, regular authorization workflows require a certain minimum of turnaround time, and not every approver is available at every go-live. With "Shortcut for SAP systems" you have options to assign urgently needed authorizations anyway and to additionally secure your go-live.

To do this, go to Settings > Outgoing Messages > Settings on the Signing & Encryption tab of the SCOT transaction.

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Since the use of this functionality requires extensive knowledge about the Security Audit Log, it is important that you also consider the recommendations in SAP Note 1941568 and that you can be supported by a basic consultant.
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