SAP Basis SUBJECT MATTER EXPERT (SME) - SAP Basis

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SUBJECT MATTER EXPERT (SME)
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A role concept according to best practice protects you from potential attacks within your SAP landscape. However, to protect your system from unauthorized access via the network, a correct configuration of the SAP gateway is required. It enables the use of external programs via interfaces or the call of ABAP programs and serves as a technical component of the application server, which manages the communication of all RFC-based functions.

Whenever you find a red traffic light on the Roles tab in the user master in SU01 - or a yellow traffic light on the Users tab in PFCG, you can usually solve the problem with a simple user synchronization. The fact that such a user adjustment is necessary can have several reasons. Among others: after a role transport to / when assigning users to roles via PFCG after restricting the validity of roles to users when roles are assigned indirectly via organizational management. Users usually notice the problem of a user comparison that has not been carried out quite quickly: Authorizations are missing, although at first glance they are available in the assigned authorization roles. This is because a user is assigned the correct authorization role - but the profile associated with the role is not up to date.
Provision of the services and basics
In the case of client settings, you should ensure that the production client is protected against overwriting and that changes are only approved via the transport management system (TMS) to ensure traceability. In the interests of system security, changes to repository and client-independent objects should also not be permitted. The use of eCATT and CATT should also be at least restricted, as allowing them can lead to significant database changes.

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The logging of data changes in tables using transports should also be active. For this, the "RECCLIENT" parameter in your transport management system (Transakation STMS) must be set to "ALL" at all system levels.

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