SAP Authorizations The Anatomy of SAP Authorization or Documentation on SAP Authorization Objects and Authorization Field Values - SAP Basis

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The Anatomy of SAP Authorization or Documentation on SAP Authorization Objects and Authorization Field Values
Essential authorizations and parameters in the SAP® environment
An SAP authorization concept is used to map relevant legal standards and internal company regulations to the technical protection options within an SAP system. Authorization concepts are thus the key to optimal protection of your system - both externally and internally.

The context-dependent authorizations combine the general and structural authorizations and avoid situations like in the example above. The context-dependent authorizations can be separated so finely that a separation of functions can be made possible without any gaps. Basically, with context-dependent authorizations, the authorization objects are supplemented by structural authorization profiles. This means that authorizations are no longer assigned generally, but only for the objects in the authorization profile. The use of context-dependent authorizations means that the familiar P_ORGIN authorization objects are replaced by P_ORGINCON and P_ORGXX by P_ORGXXCON. The new authorization objects then contain a parameter for the authorization profile.
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Sometimes implementation consultants are also confronted with the situation that no authorization concept exists at all. This happens, for example, when changes in SAP SuccessFactors responsibilities occur on the customer side or different implementation partners were active in the past. However, a missing concept can lead to errors in the system. Users cannot perform certain actions, or worse, people see sensitive data that they should not see. This can, in the worst case, constitute a DSGVO violation and lead to a fine for the company.

At www.sap-corner.de you will also find a lot of useful information on the subject of SAP authorizations.

After defining the roles and generating the corresponding authorization profiles, the individual persons in the company are then assigned to the roles. In the process, the so-called user comparison takes place and the role-specific authorizations are stored in the user master record. The master record contains all information about an SAP user, including authorizations.

"Shortcut for SAP systems" is a tool that enables the assignment of authorizations even if the IdM system fails.

For example, they may be management level users that are virtually unused because they are not using the ERP system.

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The object S_PROGRAM checks since SAP Release 2.x for the field TRDIR-SECU i.e. the authorization group of the program.
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