SAP Authorizations A concept for SAP authorizations prevents system errors and DSGVO violations - SAP Basis

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A concept for SAP authorizations prevents system errors and DSGVO violations
Features of the SAP authorization concept
To calculate the recommendations, you can filter the SAP notes by their productive system, by the SAP solution, and by the applications and components, by the technical system name, and by the time of publication. The recommendation is issued in the following categories: Security-relevant SAP information, information on performance optimisation, HotNews, information on changes in legal regulations, and notes on corrections in the ABAP system.

Structural authorizations work with SAP HCM Organizational Management. They primarily define who can be seen, but not what can be seen, based on evaluation paths in the org tree. Therefore, structural authorizations should only be used together with general authorizations. The determination works via a so-called authorization profile. In this profile, the evaluation paths are used to define how to search on the org tree. Function modules can also be stored, which can be used to determine objects from Organizational Management using any criteria. This makes the structural authorizations very flexible.
User administration (transaction SU01)
Now maintain the permissions and organisation levels. If possible, use organisational level values in the note, which you can find well in other numbers later on, i.e. about 9999 or 1234. After generating and saving the role, you will be returned to eCATT. There you will be asked if you want to accept the data and confirm with Yes. You have now successfully recorded the blueprint. Now the slightly trickier part follows: The identification of the values to be changed at mass execution. In the editor of your test configuration, the record you created is located at the bottom of the text box. We can now execute the test script en masse with any input. We need a test configuration for this. In the example Z_ROLLOUT_STAMMDATEN, enter a corresponding name and click the Create Object button. On the Attribute tab, specify a general description and component. On the Configuration tab, select the test script you created earlier in the corresponding field. Then click the Variants tab. The variants are the input in our script. Since we do not know the format in which eCATT needs the input values, it is helpful to download it first. To do this, select External Variants/Path and click Download Variants. A text file is now created under the appropriate path, containing the desired format with the input parameters. Open the data with Microsoft Excel and set your target value list. To do so, delete the line *ECATTDEFAULT. In the VARIANT column, you can simply use a sequential numbering. Save the file in text format, not in any Excel format.

At you will also find a lot of useful information on the subject of SAP authorizations.

The authorisation concept in SAP ERP does not normally allow to limit permissions to individual financial years. However, this is particularly relevant for tax audits. As of 1 January 2002, the electronic tax audit was enshrined in law in § 147 (6) of the German Tax Code. The opinion of the Finance Administration is in the BMF letter of 16.07.2001 (BStBl. 2001 I)"Principles on data access and the verifiability of digital documents"(GDPdU). The electronic control check can be performed in Germany on three types of access: Immediate access: The tax authority shall have the right to inspect the stored data (read-only access) and to use the taxpayer's hardware and software to verify the data, including the master data and links. Mean Access: The tax authority may require the taxable person to perform the read-only processing of the data in accordance with its specifications. Volume Release: Alternatively, the tax administration may require the taxable person to have the stored documents available to it for evaluation on a machine-usable medium.

Assigning a role for a limited period of time is done in seconds with "Shortcut for SAP systems" and allows you to quickly continue your go-live.

The role contains the authorization data and the logon menu for the user.

The freeware Scribble Papers is a "note box" in which all kinds of data can be stored. It takes in typed texts as well as graphics and entire documents. The data is then organised in folders and pages.

If you use the target ID as the search parameter in the CRMC_UI_COMP_IP table, you will get the information about component name, component window, and inbound plug as the search result.
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